SA8000 is a global social accountability standard for decent working conditions, developed and overseen by Social Accountability International (SAI). SAI offers training in SA8000 and other workplace standards to managers, workers and auditors. It contracts with a global accreditation agency, Social Accountability Accreditation Services (SAAS) that licenses and oversees auditing organizations to award certification to employers that comply with SA8000.
Business Social Compliance Initiative (BSCI)
BSCI is an initiative started by the Foreign Trade Association (FTA). BSCI can be described as an Industry Code with companies and associations as members. No NGOs, unions or governments are involved in key decision making. On local level BSCI participates in Round Tables, where besides companies and associations also NGOs, unions and governments participate.
Ethical Trade Initiative (ETI)
ETI is a multi-stakeholder initiative with members representing brands, unions and NGOs. ETI is active in the garment and footwear industry but also in the food industry. The ETI Base Code is in its most important elements comparable to the JO-IN standard. JO-IN is however more progressive on a few issues especially those under discrimination.
Fair Labor Association (FLA)
FLA represents a multi-stakeholder coalition of companies, universities and NGOs. Compared to the code of the JO-IN initiative, the FLA is less strict on several issues. The FLA strives for wages on industry level or at level of local law, where JO-IN strives for living wages. Overtime must be paid at premium level as legally required, but if local law does not exist on this topic the normal hourly rate is accepted. FLA is less strict on freedom of association and collective bargaining, forced labour, child labour and health and safety. FLA does not specify requirements on employment relationship.
Fair Wear Foundation (FWF)
The FWF method of monitoring is based on a management system located at the brand. Each member brand annually reports to FWF on the progress in the supply chain. The FWF method consists of a complaint procedure for workers enabling to complain at brand and initiative level. The brands are required to audit all their suppliers within three years. The FWF reports on initiative level regarding the amount of audits in total, per country and the type of non conformities. There is no transparency on brand and supplier level. The content of the FWF Code of Labour Practices is in its most relevant aspects comparable to the JO-IN code of conduct.
Worldwide Responsible Apparel Production (WRAP)
WRAP is the organization responsible for the Apparel Certification Program. WRAP is active in the apparel sector only. Of the described standards, the content of the code of conduct promoted by WRAP is the weakest. WRAP is less strict on several issues. On wages, overtime and compensation of overtime WRAP settles for local law.
Global Recycle Standard
GRS is a standard developed to ensure greater sourcing clarity on recycled materials right through the production supply chain. It is intended for companies that wish to make a content claim on the amount of recycled material in the final product. It is based on the certification of the full chain of custody for recycled products; incorporating environmental and social criteria.
The Organic Exchange (OE) Standards by Textile Exchange is a voluntary, ”fiber only” standard for organically grown cotton. The two versions, the OE 100 Standard and the OE Blended Standard, are used for tracking and documenting the purchase, handling and use of certified organic cotton fibers in yarns, fabrics and finished goods. It provides independent certification of the used fiber in the entire textile supply chain after the harvesting/farming stage.
Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS)
GOTS is the worldwide leading textile processing standard for organic fibres, including ecological and social criteria, backed up by independent certification of the entire textile supply chain.
ISO 14000 is a family of environmental management standards that provide organisations with a practical toolbox to assist in the implementation of actions supportive to sustainable development. It is a framework to manage environmental aspects, assess their environmental performance and support the auditing system.
EU Eco Flower
The EU Eco Flower is a product label and a voluntary certification system developed by the European Commission to promote products which have the potential to reduce negative environmental impacts and contribute to the efficient use of resources and a high level of environmental protection.
The bluesign® standard is an independent industrial textile standard directed and implemented by bluesign technologies. It is designed as a comprehensive Input-Stream-Management-System that is built around the principles of resource productivity, consumer safety, air emission, water emission and occupational health and safety.
Sedex, the Supplier Ethical Data Exchange, is an open membership organisation providing a secure, robust, and user-friendly central database of information for companies to store and share ethical data including self-assessment, audit reports and corrective action reports and statuses, which enables member companies to generate transparency and manage efficiently the ethical and responsible practices of their global supply chains.