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The Oeko-Tex® Standard 1000 requires that companies optimise their energy consumption through energy-saving or energy recovery practices. In addition, an energy measurement strategy has to be developed for different products and production units, but there are no exact specifications.
The Oeko-Tex® Standard 1000 recommends that companies use water as efficiently as possible.
The Oeko-Tex® Standard 1000 requires that companies observe stringent limit values relating to waste water, and contains a large table of limit values for a list of substances, based on pH-value ranges and different temperatures. A distinction is made for effluents to ‘waters’ and effluents to a ‘public sewage treatment plant’ (same limit values but at higher temperatures).
Oeko-Tex® has adopted all EU laws as well as additional German laws (Chemikalien Verbot) and added other substances to the list (e.g. to the azo dyes list), for which Oeko-Tex® has established a complete prohibition. On top of that, Oeko-Tex® 1000 prohibits the use of several other substances such as APEO, EDTA, DTPA, LAS, α-MES (used as complexing agents and active detergents), substances that are mutagenic, carcinogenic, or toxic to reproduction, as well as organic solvent with chlorine (Cl), fluorine (F), bromine (Br), iodine (I), or heavy metals (other than cadmium, lead), etc.
As part of their environmental management system, certified companies are required to carry an inventory of all chemicals (including non-process chemicals such as cleaning agents for installations and machineries) that are present in their mills. The storage and handling rooms must ensure that leakage of chemicals into the environment is prevented in case of an accident or disaster.
For a production facility to be certified, it must meet the requirements of human ecology with regards to toxic substances. At least 30% of the products manufactured should be certified according to Oeko-Tex® Standard 100.
Oeko-Tex® 1000 requires that companies observe stringent limit values relating to exhaust air: the exhaust air of firing plants and steam is judged against parameters set for carbon monoxide, dust, SO2 and NOx.
On top of this, the standard has specified detailed (continuous) emission measurement requirements to ascertain that the emission limits are not exceeded.
The Oeko-Tex® Standard 1000 requires compliance with national legislation for the protection of workers against dangerous and unhealthy chemicals, and encourages stricter protective measures where possible. Personal protective equipment has to be provided for the handling of dangerous chemicals, as well as instructions for use. If noise levels are above 85 dB, effective ear protection must be provided to staff, including directions for use and marking of areas where they should be used.
Oeko-Tex® distinguishes quality management and environmental management. Both are examined during the audit, “since quality management measures are a prerequisite to produce environmentally sound products”.
Oeko-Tex® 1000 recommends that companies prepare and maintain an environmental management manual. The manual must contain the environmental policy with the objectives, goals, and programmes; it should also document key roles and responsibilities.
Oeko-Tex® Standard 1000 indicates that the companies must have procedures for the registration of all legislative, regulatory and other policy requirements pertaining to the environmental aspects of the activities, products and performances.
According with Oeko-Tex® Standard 1000, the company must appoint a commissioner, who has the authority and responsibility to ensure that the demands on the environmental management system are fulfilled.
Oeko-Tex® 1000 recommends that companies introduce and maintain procedures for the training of the staff members which ensure that all staff members are informed about the importance of the environmental policy, potential consequences of the staff activities for the environment, etc.
The implementation of an enviromental managment system is a prerequsite for achieving the Oeko-Tex® Standard 1000 certification. Oeko-Tex® Standard 1000 certification indicates that the first step in the introduction of an environmental management system is a declaration from upper management.
The environmental policy shall be defined and documented ensuring that it:
The Oeko-Tex® Standard 1000 requires compliance with the ILO Principles
Oeko-Tex® Standard 1000 suggests reduction of packaging use and also recommends, as far as possible, to completely avoid the use of one-way packing material during internal handling. Packing systems that are reusable or that are made of recycled material are preferred.