Energy Consumption

The Oeko-Tex® Standard 1000 requires that companies optimise their energy consumption through energy-saving or energy recovery practices. In addition, an energy measurement strategy has to be developed for different products and production units, but there are no exact specifications.

Water Consumption

The Oeko-Tex® Standard 1000 recommends that companies use water as efficiently as possible.

Water Emissions

The Oeko-Tex® Standard 1000 requires that companies observe stringent limit values relating to waste water, and contains a large table of limit values for a list of substances, based on pH-value ranges and different temperatures. A distinction is made for effluents to ‘waters’ and effluents to a ‘public sewage treatment plant’ (same limit values but at higher temperatures).  

Additional requirements for waste water treatment include compliance with all applicable legislation and mandatory use of a waste water treatment facility, which can be either private or public, but must be functioning properly.  If there is no legal country requirement, Oeko-Tex® refers to the principle of ‘Good manufacturing practice’, which outline the aspects of production and testing that can impact the quality of a product.

Chemicals (Accepted/Restricted)

Oeko-Tex®  has adopted all EU laws as well as additional German laws (Chemikalien Verbot) and added other substances to the list (e.g. to the azo dyes list), for which Oeko-Tex® has established a complete prohibition. On top of that, Oeko-Tex® 1000 prohibits the use of several other substances such as APEO, EDTA, DTPA, LAS, α-MES (used as complexing agents and active detergents), substances that are mutagenic, carcinogenic, or toxic to reproduction, as well as organic solvent with chlorine (Cl), fluorine (F), bromine (Br), iodine (I), or heavy metals (other than cadmium, lead), etc.

Chemical Management

As part of their environmental management system, certified companies are required to carry an inventory of all chemicals (including non-process chemicals such as cleaning agents for installations and machineries) that are present in their mills. The storage and handling rooms must ensure that leakage of chemicals into the environment is prevented in case of an accident or disaster.

Consumer Safety

For a production facility to be certified, it must meet the requirements of human ecology with regards to toxic substances. At least 30% of the products manufactured should be certified according to Oeko-Tex® Standard 100.

Air Emissions

Oeko-Tex® 1000 requires that companies observe stringent limit values relating to exhaust air: the exhaust air of firing plants and steam is judged against parameters set for carbon monoxide, dust, SO2 and NOx.

On top of this, the standard has specified detailed (continuous) emission measurement requirements to ascertain that the emission limits are not exceeded.

Occupational Health and Safety

The Oeko-Tex® Standard 1000 requires compliance with national legislation for the protection of workers against dangerous and unhealthy chemicals, and encourages stricter protective measures where possible. Personal protective equipment has to be provided for the handling of dangerous chemicals, as well as instructions for use.  If noise levels are above 85 dB, effective ear protection must be provided to staff, including directions for use and marking of areas where they should be used.
Other criteria for occupational health and safety include:

  • Prevention of harmful dust formation (filter equipment/ventilation systems)
  • Prevention of noise stress (insulation, hearing protection)
  • Protection against harmful chemicals (protective goggles, work clothing, shoes, gloves etc.)
  • Preparation of hazard and emergency plans, particularly suitable measures to protect against fire
  • Identification of dangerous work areas
  • Suitable employee training on behaviour in safety-relevant work areas

Management System

Oeko-Tex® distinguishes quality management and environmental management. Both are examined during the audit, “since quality management measures are a prerequisite to produce environmentally sound products”.

Oeko-Tex® 1000 recommends that companies prepare and maintain an environmental management manual.  The manual must contain the environmental policy with the objectives, goals, and programmes; it should also document key roles and responsibilities.

Record Keeping

Oeko-Tex® Standard 1000 indicates that the companies must have procedures for the registration of all legislative, regulatory and other policy requirements pertaining to the environmental aspects of the activities, products and performances.

The record should contain:

  • Controlled and uncontrolled emissions to the atmosphere
  • Controlled and uncontrolled emissions to water
  • Controlled and uncontrolled contamination of land
  • Solid and other wastes
  • Use of land, water, fuels, energy and other natural resources
  • Noise, dust, smell vibration and light
  • Consequence for ecosystems and specific environment areas

Management Responsibilities/Roles

According with Oeko-Tex® Standard 1000, the company must appoint a commissioner, who has the authority and responsibility to ensure that the demands on the environmental management system are fulfilled.


Oeko-Tex® 1000 recommends that companies introduce and maintain procedures for the training of the staff members which ensure that all staff members are informed about the importance of the environmental policy, potential consequences of the staff activities for the environment, etc.

Environmental Policy

The implementation of an enviromental managment system is a prerequsite for achieving the Oeko-Tex® Standard 1000 certification. Oeko-Tex® Standard 1000 certification indicates that the first step in the introduction of an environmental management system is a declaration from upper management.

The environmental policy shall be defined and documented ensuring that it:

  • is relevant to its activities, products and services, and their environmental effects;
  • includes a commitment to meet all regulations;
  • is oriented towards the prevention/minimisation of adverse environmental effects, and towards sustainable development.

Social Responsibility

The Oeko-Tex® Standard 1000 requires compliance with the ILO Principles
for fair labour conditions
, including non-discrimination, no forced labour, minimum age, right to join labour unions and maximum work time. Wages paid for a standard work week must be based on “legal and industry standards”.

In addition to the Oeko-Tex® Standard 1000 requirements for occupational health and safety, which cover noise and dust requirements and employee training, the standard also requires access to bathrooms and potable water for workers.


Oeko-Tex® Standard 1000 suggests reduction of packaging use and also recommends, as far as possible, to completely avoid the use of one-way packing material during internal handling. Packing systems that are reusable or that are made of recycled material are preferred.

Criteria OEKO-TEX 1000
Market AcceptanceLow
Water ✓✓
Chemicals ✓✓
Air Emissions ✓✓
Occupational Health and Safety ✓✓
Management System ✓✓
Environmental Policy
Social Responsibility
Audits and Validation ✓✓
Implementation Tools ✓✓

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